St. Louis Post-Dispatch
|St. Louis Post-Dispatch|
|Founded||December 12, 1878|
|Headquarters||900 N. Tucker Blvd St. Louis|
|Position||Liberal to Centrist|
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is a daily newspaper serving St. Louis. Although written to serve the St. Louis metropolitan area, the Post-Dispatch is available and read as far west as Springfield, Missouri.
The newspaper was founded by the 1878 merger of the St. Louis Evening Post and St. Louis Dispatch by owner and editor Joseph Pulitzer. Its first edition, 4020 copies of four pages each, appeared on December 12, 1878. The paper was called the St. Louis Post and Dispatch, but changed its name to the current title the following year. Upon his retirement in 1907, Pulitzer wrote what is now referred to as the paper's platform:
- "I know that my retirement will make no difference in its cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with merely printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty."
After his retirement, generations of Pulitzers guided the newspaper. After great-grandson Joseph Pulitzer IV left the company in 1995, his uncle Michael Pulitzer remained chairman of a company to which the Post-Dispatch became less central, and on January 31, 2005 announced the sale of Pulitzer, Inc. and all its assets, including the Post-Dispatch and a small share of the St. Louis Cardinals, to Lee Enterprises of Davenport, Iowa for $1,460,000,000 in cash. He announced that no family members would serve on the board of the merged company.
The paper's 125th anniversary included some highlights of the paper's stories of St. Louis:
- The story of Charles Lindbergh, whose flight across the Atlantic was a success despite being denied financial or written support from the Post-Dispatch.
- A Pulitzer Prize-winning campaign to clean up smoke pollution in St. Louis. For a time in the late 1930s and early 1940s, the city was considered to have the filthiest air in America.
- The sports coverage, including nine St. Louis Cardinals championships, an NBA title by the St. Louis Hawks in 1958, and the 2000 Super Bowl victory of the St. Louis Rams.
- Coverage of the city's "cultural icons" including Kate Chopin, Tennessee Williams, Chuck Berry and Miles Davis.
Since February 11, 1901, the paper has included the Weatherbird on its front page, a cartoon of a bird posed and attired to reflect a topical comment of the day, next to the weather forecast. In the 1920s, Louis Armstrong twice recorded ragtime duets named after it.
While some claim that the paper maintains a moderate editorial tone, others believe that the paper has a definite liberal slant. The Post generally endorses more Democratic than Republican candidates for office, and has taken editorial postitions in support of liberal causes such as abortion rights and abolition of capital punishment. For many years, the Post's only major competitor was the more conservative St. Louis Globe-Democrat, which went out of business in 1986. The St. Louis Sun made a brief appearance as a daily newspaper in late 1989 and early 1990 but ceased publication after only seven months.
900 N. Tucker Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63101
- Jim McWilliams, Mark Twain in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1874-1891 (Troy, NY: Whitston Publishing Company, 1997).
- Daniel W. Pfaff, Joseph Pulitzer II and the Post-Dispatch: A Newspaperman's Life (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991).
- Julian S. Rammelkamp, Pulitzer's Post-Dispatch, 1878-1883 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967).
- Florence Rebekah Beatty Brown, The Negro as Portrayed by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch from 1920-1950 (c. 1951).
- Charles G. Ross and Carlos F. Hurd, The Story of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (St. Louis: Pulitzer Publishing, 1944).
- The St. Louis Post-Dispatch as Appraised by Ten Distinguished Americans (St. Louis, 1926).
- Orrick Johns, Time of Our Lives: The Story of My Father and Myself, (New York, 1937). George Sibley Johns, father of the author, was editor of the Post-Dispatch for many years, and was the last of Joseph Pulitzer's "Fighting Editors". The book contains many accounts of the beginning days of newspapers in St. Charles and St. Louis, as well as accounts of George's experiences with Joseph Pulizer and the Post-Dispatch.
Location of the P-D offices. <googlemap lat="38.634732" lon="-90.195082" zoom="16" width="700" controls="large">38.634481, -90.195308</googlemap>